Gait and balance disorders are common in older adults and are a major cause of falls in this population. They are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, as well as reduced level of function. Risk factors for falls include muscle weakness, a history of falls, use of four or more prescription medications, use of an assistive device, arthritis, depression, and impairments in gait, balance, cognition, vision, and activities of daily living. Most gait and balance disorders involve multiple contributing factors. It should not be considered an inevitable consequence of aging. Physical Therapy has been demonstrated to be a very effective option for patients with gait and balance disorders with its multifactorial interventions targeting identified risk factors and impairments.
At Movement and Flow Physical Therapy we use a variety of Standardized tests and Functional assessment tools to identify the presence of increased risk for falls. Our assessment also can elucidate related impairments such as muscle weakness, gait and functional limitations. Following a comprehensive evaluation our therapist will select targeted interventions for the identified contributing factors and present impairments. These interventions may include, but are not limited to, exercises for muscle strengthening combined with functional mobility, gait and balance training. We can also perform Home Safety assessments, recommend appropriate assistive devices and suggest home modifications to increase your safety at home and in the community.